While many people often think of disabilities in terms of physical limitations—primarily due to the iconic wheelchair symbol—disabilities actually fall into two major categories. Visible disabilities are those that can be seen, such as a person using a cane. Invisible disabilities are those that cannot be seen, such as diabetes, epilepsy or mental health issues.

The following is an extensive (but not all-inclusive) list of disabilities employers frequently ask about. Click on each disability category to learn more.

Physical Disabilities
Examples: Spinal Cord Injury (Paraplegia, Quadriplegia), Muscular Dystrophy, Short Stature

 
Vision Loss
Examples: Low Vision, Visual Impairment, Blindness

 
Brain Injury
Examples: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), Post Traumatic Stress Injury (PTSI)

 
Learning and Attention Issues (Learning Disabilities)
Examples: ADHD, Dyslexia, Dyscalculia, Dysgraphia, Executive Functioning Issues

 
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
Examples: Autism Spectrum Disorder

 
Deaf/Hard of Hearing
Examples: Deaf, Deafened, Hard of Hearing or Hearing Impaired

 
Medical and Neurological Issues
Examples: Cancer, Diabetes, Epilepsy, HIV/AIDS, Multiple Sclerosis

 
Mental Health Conditions
Examples: Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Depression, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

 
Speech and Language
Examples: Apraxia of Speech, Dysarthria, Stuttering

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