Examples: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), Post Traumatic Stress Injury (PTSI)

Brain Injury or Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Brain Injury or Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) may result from a blow or jolt to the head or an object penetrating the brain.

When the brain is injured, the person can experience a change in consciousness that can range from disorientation and confusion to slipping into a coma. The person might also have a loss of memory for the time immediately before or after the event that caused the injury. Not all injuries to the head result in a TBI. It is considered incorrect to use the term traumatic brain disorder.

Cerebral Palsy (CP)

Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a neurological disorder caused by a non-progressive brain injury or malformation that occurs while the child’s brain is under development.

Cerebral palsy primarily affects body movement and muscle coordination.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder/Injury (PTSD or PTSI)

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder/Injury (PTSD or PTSI) can occur after a traumatic event—something terrifying and scary that one sees, hears or that happens to them personally, like:

  • Combat exposure
  • Childhood sexual or physical abuse
  • Terrorist attack
  • Sexual or physical assault
  • Serious accidents, like a car wreck
  • Natural disasters, like a fire, tornado, hurricane, flood or earthquake

Symptoms may include flashbacks, nightmares and severe anxiety, as well as uncontrollable thoughts about the event. PTSI is often associated with wounded warriors, but there are many more civilians with PTSI than military personnel.

(Note: There is a movement to remove the word “disorder” and replace with “injury” to be consistent with the above definition.)

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